2018年03月23日 23:08:56|来源:国际在线|编辑:飞度管家养生在线
Group sizeOne of the most important factors affecting whether or not people conform is the size of the group around them. Maximum conformity is seen when groups reach between 3 and 5 people.Add more people and it makes little difference, less than 3, though, and conformity is substantially reduced (Bond, 2005).人群大小影响人们是否随大流的最重要的因素之一是他们身边的人群大小。最明显的随大流被发现,当人群数量达到3至5名时。增加更多的人对此影响不大,但是少于3个人,从众心理明显减少。 /201003/98948摘要:狼人据说是一种可以时时变化为狼的人。The werewolf, according to superstition, in a person who from time to time changes into a wolf. The change is usually said to occur when the moon is full. Werewolves appear in many old stories. In some tales, they turn themselves into wolves by putting on a wolf skin, by drinking water from a wolf's footprint, or by rubbing a magic ointment on their bodies. In other stories, they are transformed by someone else's magic power.The werewolves in most stories roam about at night, attacking and eating people or devouring dead bodies. In the stories the people who are threatened by werewolves use various methods to bring them back to human form. These methods include saying the werewolf's real name, hitting the werewolf three times on the forehead, and making the sign of the cross. According to the stories, if a wolf had humanlike eyes and a short or missing tail, people could be sure that it was a werewolf. And if a werewolf were wounded, the wound would still show the next day when the werewolf had changed back into a human being. It was a way to find out a werewolf's identity. /200906/72676Steps1. Wash your hair at least every other day (washing in the morning prevents going out with the grease of last night). A girl loves a boy who smells nice, and cares about his image. Besides, greasy hair is not a good look on anybody, even if they look like Brad Pitt. By taking care of your hair, you at least show that you're interested in your appearance and care enough about yourself to take good care of yourself.2. Make sure you have good hygiene.o Brush twice a day, and floss once a dayo Wear deodorant every day. Body odor is not an attractive smell, and nobody around you enjoys it. It's a simple routine that can reap large benefits in your friendships, relationships, and with strangers!o If your face is clean shaven, shave regularly. Stubble, when it's not intentionally there, promotes a look of unkempt.o Wash your face every day. This helps to clear up whiteheads/blackheads, as well. However, if you are a teenager, acne is quite normal, and occurs quite often. It will be hard for you to stop getting acne. If you have a severe problem with acne, your regular doctor can most likely refer you to a good dermatologist.3. Wear a nice cologne. It is truly amazing how it attracts attention. Don't bathe in it, though, or it'll do the opposite of the intention.4. Be confident in yourself. Girls love guys who are confident, and confidence is also the key to getting ahead in the business world. Unless you believe in yourself, you can't sell yourself, so less people will believe in you. Remember, though, that there is a line between confidence and arrogance. Arrogance is not sexy.5. Wear nice clothes. The style of clothes that you wear doesn't matter, because you're expressing your personality. Whatever you choose to wear, though, should be clean and ironed (if appropriate). Also do not wear pants that show a lot of boxer. This is not sexy. It is gross to almost all girls. If you are going to wear jeans, make sure they are not too baggy. This does not look good.6. Be funny! A girl loves a guy who can genuinely make her laugh. If you notice she is being turned off by your sense of humor (which you will be able to tell by her body language) then stop. Give her space.7. Smile because girls love smiles. It makes them feel beautiful.Tips· If a girl does not give you a response, don't take it to heart -- remain cool and think of your future with a new girl.· Different time frames for hair-washing apply to different people. If your hair is dirty and greasy between times when you wash it, make it a habit to wash it more often. Likewise, if you don't need to wash your hair every other day, don't feel like you have to anyway.· Gain confidence in yourself by doing things like exercise, running a half marathon, building something, or playing an instrument. These things will give you confidence and it will show and attract others to you.· If you're trying to get a girlfriend talk to them. Say "hi" and start a conversation. She will most likely talk to you if you start a conversation.· Girls like boys that pay attention to everybody, not just your clique.· Look at the girl in that other clique. The one you sit next to in Science. She might just be cool and she probably likes you too.· Walk past her slowly but not too slow or she will think you have problems.· A small touch on the arm, shoulder, or head can give a girl chills if she likes you. You definitely notice the attention.· Remember to check out the whole grade. There are some girls out there that are awesome and just aren't so popular. They would love some attention. And they don't expect so much so you can be more relaxed.· Being aloof at the appropriate times can work wonders. Don't bathe a girl in attention - this is not sexy and you'll probably suffocate her. Being laid back will show everyone that you value yourself and that is sexy.Warnings· Realize that being truly sexy to someone often has little to do with how you look or smell. Being truly sexy comes through love and a relationship, which should never be based on physical characteristics.· There is a difference between confidence and arrogance. Girls hate arrogance· Both girls and guy - nobody feels comfortable with a partner who is also uncomfortable. The girl will think it's her fault, when it's not.· Bragging about your looks is not hot. Paris Hilton is not hot because she brags about her looks but Jennifer Lopez is hot because she doesn't.· Girls tend to stick together so don't be mean to one girl and expect another girl to love you.· A lot of this "girls do and girls don't" stuff is generally good, but remember that every girl is going to be different.Things You'll Need· Shampoo· Comb· Deodorant· Toothbrush· Floss· Soap· Niceness· A smile· clean clothes· confidence· nice pair of denim /200811/56947

Avoid eggs. Drink 8 glasses of water a day. Eating carbs will make you fat. Nutritional(1) advice such as this has been touted(2) for years -- but is it accurate?Not necessarily, according to Wendy Repovich, an exercise physiologist(3) at Eastern Washington University, who did her best to dispel several common nutrition misconceptions(4) during a health and fitness summit held recently in Dallas."Eating eggs will raise your cholesterol(5)." This myth started because egg yolks(6) have the most concentrated amount of cholesterol in any food, Repovich said. However, when eaten in moderation, eggs do not contain enough cholesterol to pose health risks, she said."Most people avoid eggs and probably if they have any kind of cardiovascular(7) risk their physicians tell them to avoid eggs," Repovich said. "But really, there aren't a whole lot of studies that show that one or two eggs a day really make a difference to cholesterol levels.""Eating carbohydrates(8) makes you fat" is another myth. Cutting carbs from the diet may help a person shed pounds due to water loss from a decrease in carbohydrate stores, Repovich said, but eating carbs in moderation does not directly lead to weight gain.Here's another myth. "Drink 8 glasses of water a day." Repovich said people need to replace water lost through breathing, urinating, sweating each day -- but that doesn't necessarily total 64 ounces of water."I see an awful lot of people carrying bottled water around," Repovich said. "I think people are still under the impression that they have to drink 8 glasses of water a day, but most people don't realize they get water from other sources in the diet."And too much water can be harmful, Repovich warned, leading possibly to an imbalance in the body of sodium(9), a condition called hyponatremia.It's also a myth, Repovich said, that everyone needs vitamin supplements, although she admits to popping a multivitamin(10) each morning. People who eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, along with moderate amounts of a variety of low-fat dairy and protein and the right quantity of calories, probably don't need a vitamin supplement, she said."But for the most part, we don't eat the way we should so probably a simple multivitamin is good for most people," Repovich said. 别吃鸡蛋;一天喝八杯水;碳化物会让你变胖;多年来这些营养建议受到大肆宣传,但是它们可靠么?东华盛顿大学运动生理学家Wendy Repovich称根本没有必要。最近在达拉斯一次健康健美峰会上她极力否定几个普遍传播的营养误区。Repovich说:“吃鸡蛋会增加胆固醇的说法源自鸡蛋比其他食物含有更高浓度的胆固醇,但是适量食用不会对健康造成威胁。”“很多人不吃鸡蛋,或许如果他们有心血管疾病隐患,他们的医生建议他们远离鸡蛋。但事实上,目前没有足够的研究明每天1-2个鸡蛋会影响体内胆固醇水平。”“吃碳水化合物会引发肥胖也是一个误区。不吃碳水化合物可以减少体内水分含量,以此造成体重减轻。但是适量摄入碳水化合物并不能直接导致体重增加。”还有一个误区:每天喝8杯水。Repovich说人体的确需要喝水来补充由于呼吸、小便、流汗流失的水分,但真没必要一天喝64盎司。“我看见好多人背着水瓶走来走去。我觉得人们还在受这条谬误的影响,但是大多数人都没意识到食物中也含有水分。”Repovich还警告说喝太多水是有害的,可能引起体内钠含量失衡,患上低钠血症。尽管Repovich每天早晨都泡一片多种维生素片,但她说并非所有人都需要补充维生素。如果一个人每天食用多种水果、蔬菜、全麦,适量摄入低脂奶制品、蛋白质和卡路里,就不用再吃维生素片了。“但是基本上都无法做到,因此维生素片对大多数人来说是好的。” /200805/39037

Marriages improve after children fly the coop, according to researchMarriages improve after children grow up and move out, according to an academic study which suggests an "empty nest" is not always a bad thing.Popular wisdom has it that parents' relationships may suffer once their young fly the coop, because they feel they have lost their purpose in life.However a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, has found that many couples actually feel happier when their children leave home because they are able to enjoy spending time together.In total, 123 American mothers born in the 1930s were tracked for 18 years and asked to rate their satisfaction levels shortly after marrying, when they were bringing up babies, once their children reached their teenage years and finally at age 61, when almost all had "empty nests".Although not all said they were happier in general, most claimed their marriages had improved since their children had left home.Researchers believe this is not just because the spouses were spending more time together, but because they were able to enjoy each other's company more.One of the participants in the study, which is published in the journal Psychological Science, said: "Once the kids grow up... there's some of that stress removed... that responsibility removed, so things are a little more relaxed."Psychologist Sara Gorchoff, who carried out the investigation, said: "The take-home message for couples with young children is 'hang in there'."Her co-author Oliver John added: "Don't wait until your kids leave home to schedule quality time with your partner."However Dr Dorothy Rowe, from the British Psychological Society, said the effects of living in an "empty nest" will depend on the parents' relationship with their children."If you're just waiting for them to leave home so you can get on with your life, then of course you'll be pleased to see them go,' she said."But if you've built your life around your children you'll be terribly bereft. For some parents, their world falls apart when their children leave." /200901/60601

Generally, it has been assumed that the need for sleep does not decrease with age, but rather that other factors gradually come to interfere with our ability to sleep through the night.Older individuals, for instance, are at greater risk not only for developing medical and psychiatric disorders but also for taking medications that can disrupt sleep. In spite of these influences, however, it may be that an actual biological deterioration of the sleep drive might also be playing a role.A new study published in the journal Current Biology has been able to shed some light on this puzzle of sleep and aging. The researchers, who wanted to determine the maximal sleep capacity of both young and older persons, arranged for groups of younger adults (ages 18 to 32 years) and older adults (ages 60 to 76 years) to lie in bed for 12 hours during the night and for another 4 hours in the afternoon.The subjects tended to sleep significantly longer at the beginning of the experiment, presumably because they were making up for a sleep debt accrued during their usual daily sleep routines. When the sleep patterns stabilized, however, the younger adults were capable of sleeping for much longer times — an average of 8.9 hours daily — than were the elderly people, who got only 7.4 hours daily. This 1.5-hour difference in maximal sleep capacity is impressive.If your biological drive for sleep seems to have decreased, make sure that you are following the kinds of routines and behaviors that will give you the best chance of getting as much refreshing sleep as possible. Here are some examples of good sleep hygiene:* Make sure that you're going to bed early enough to allow yourself to get an adequate night's sleep.* As your bedtime approaches, develop a relaxing routine in the evening — don't keep busy until the moment before you expect to fall asleep.* Avoid watching TV in bed.* Sleep in a cool, relatively dark room.* Consider going to sleep to the sound of white noise, either from a bedside fan or a machine that generates calming sounds.* Increase your exercising, but don't do it so near to bedtime that it gets your adrenaline flowing and keeps you awake.* Limit your daily intake of caffeinated beverages and avoid them completely after lunchtime.* Avoid alcoholic beverages. 一般来说,假定睡眠所需的时间不会因年龄的增加而减少,而是其他因素逐渐干扰了我们整夜酣睡不醒的能力。老年人,例如,有更大的风险,不仅在不断发展的医疗和精神失调,而且因为药扰乱睡眠。不计这些影响,然而,它可能是一个实际的生物恶化的睡眠驱动器也可以发挥作用。发表在现代生物学杂志上的一项新研究,已经能够阐明睡眠与衰老之迷。研究人员,想要确定年轻人和老年人最大的睡眠能力,安排成组的年轻人(年龄18至32岁)和老年人( 60岁至76岁)夜间躺在床上12个小时,另外下午4个小时。实验开始时试验者的睡眠时间明显偏长,大概是因为他们在弥补日常睡眠期间累积的债务。当睡眠模式稳定下来了,然而,年轻人睡眠的时间更长——平均每天8 .9小时-比老人——只有7. 4小时每天。这1.5小时的最大睡眠能力差异令人印象深刻。如果您睡眠的生物性驱动看起来有所下降,请务必遵循下面的各种惯例和行为,这会给你带来最好的改变,越来越多耳目一新的睡眠。下面是一些好的睡眠保健例子:1.请务必要早点上床,使自己获得足够的睡眠。2.快要睡觉的时候,晚上制定一个相对轻松工作计划——不要忙碌到你希望入睡之前的那一刻。3.避免在床上看电视。4.睡在一个凉爽,相对黑暗的屋子里。5.考虑在无噪声中睡觉,无论是从床头风扇还是机器产生平静的声音。6.加强锻炼,但不是在临近睡觉的时候,因为它会使您的肾上腺素流动,让你清醒。7.控制您每日摄取含有咖啡因(茶精)的饮料,午饭后要完全避免他们。8.避免酒精饮料。 /200811/54706

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