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2017年12月15日 10:33:28 | 作者:飞度新闻免费问答 | 来源:新华社
Good afternoon. Today, the Federal Open Market Committee decided to raise the target range for the federal funds rate by 1/4 percentage point, bringing it to 1/2 to 3/4 percent. In doing so, my colleagues and I are recognizing the considerable progress the economy has made toward our dual objectives of maximum employment and price stability. Over the past year, 2-1/4 million net new jobs have been created, unemployment has fallen further, and inflation has moved closer to our longer-run goal of 2 percent. We expect the economy will continue to perform well, with the job market strengthening further and inflation rising to 2 percent over the next couple of years. Ill have more to say about monetary policy shortly, but first Ill review recent economic developments and the outlook. Economic growth has picked up since the middle of the year. Household spending continues to rise at a moderate pace, supported by income gains and by relatively high levels of consumer sentiment and wealth. Business investment, however, remains soft, despite some stabilization in the energy sector. Overall, we expect the economy will expand at a moderate pace over the next few years. Job gains averaged nearly 180,000 per month over the past three months, maintaining the solid pace that weve seen since the beginning of the year. Over the past seven years, since the depths of the Great Recession, more than 15 million jobs have been added to the U.S. economy. The unemployment rate fell to 4.6 percent in November, the lowest level since 2007, prior to the recession. Broader measures of labor market slack have also moved lower, and participation in the labor force has been little changed, on net, for about two years now, a further sign of improved conditions in the labor market given the underlying downward trend in participation stemming largely from the aging of the U.S. population. Looking ahead, we expect that job conditions will strengthen somewhat further. Turning to inflation, the 12-month change in the price index for personal consumption expenditures was nearly 1-1/2 percent in October, still short of our 2 percent objective but up more than a percentage point from a year earlier. Core inflation – which excludes energy and food prices that tend to be more volatile than other prices – has risen to 1-3/4 percent. As the transitory influences of earlier declines in energy prices and prices of imports continue to fade, and as the job market strengthens further, we expect overall inflation to rise to 2 percent over the next couple of years. Our inflation outlook rests importantly on our judgment that longer-run inflation expectations remain reasonably well-anchored. Market-based measures of inflation compensation have moved up considerably but are still low. Survey-based measures of longer run inflation expectations are, on balance, little changed. Of course, we remain committed to our 2 percent inflation objective and will continue to carefully monitor actual and expected progress toward this goal. Let me now turn to the economic projections that were submitted for this meeting by Committee participants. As always, they conditioned their projections on their own individual views of appropriate monetary policy, which, in turn, depend on each participants assessment of the multitude of factors that shape the outlook. The median projection for growth of inflation adjusted gross domestic product (GDP) rises from 1.9 percent this year to 2.1 percent in 2017 and stays close to 2 percent in 2018 and 2019, slightly above its estimated longer-run rate. The median projection for the unemployment rate stands at 4.7 percent in the fourth quarter of this year. Over the next three years, the median unemployment rate runs at 4.5 percent, modestly below the median estimate of its longer-run normal rate. Finally, the median inflation projection is 1.5 percent this year and rises to 1.9 percent next year and 2 percent in 2018 and 2019. Overall, these economic projections are very similar to those made in September: GDP growth is a touch stronger, the unemployment rate is a shade lower, and inflation, beyond this year, is unchanged. Returning to monetary policy, the Committee judged that a modest increase in the federal funds rate is appropriate in light of the solid progress we have seen toward our goals of maximum employment and 2 percent inflation. We continue to expect that the evolution of the economy will warrant only gradual increases in the federal funds rate over time to achieve and maintain our objectives. Thats based on our view that the neutral nominal federal funds rate – that is, the interest rate that is neither expansionary nor contractionary and keeps the economy operating on an even keel – is currently quite low by historical standards. With the federal funds rate only modestly below the neutral rate, we continue to expect that gradual increases in the federal funds rate will likely be sufficient to get to a neutral policy stance over the next few years. This view is consistent with participants projections of appropriate monetary policy. The median projection for the federal funds rate rises to 1.4 percent at the end of next year, 2.1 percent at the end of 2018, and 2.9 percent by the end of 2019. Compared with the projections made in September, the median path for the federal funds rate has been revised up just 1/4 of a percentage point. Only a few participants altered their estimate of the longer-run normal federal funds rate, although the median edged up to 3 percent. Of course, the economic outlook is highly uncertain, and participants will adjust their assessments of the appropriate path for the federal funds rate in response to changes to the economic outlook and associated risks. As many observers have noted, changes in fiscal policy or other economic policies could potentially affect the economic outlook. Of course, it is far too early to know how these policies will unfold. Moreover, changes in fiscal policy are only one of the many factors that can influence the outlook and the appropriate course of monetary policy. In making our policy decisions, we will continue – as always – to assess economic conditions relative to our objectives of maximum employment and 2 percent inflation. As I have noted on previous occasions, policy is not on a pre-set course. Finally, we will continue to reinvest proceeds from maturing Treasury securities and principal payments from agency debt and mortgage-backed securities. As our statement says, we anticipate continuing this policy until normalization of the level of the federal funds rate is well under way. Thank you. Id be happy to take your questions.201612/485581乐宁外教口语天天练No.66This new BMW is a "top of the line" model."Top of the line" 意指it is the best in its class.This new BMW is a "top of the line" model.这辆新的宝马汽车是最新型号。谢谢收听,明天继续^^ /200611/9620【中文这样说】我喜欢绿颜色【英文对比翻译】Chinese Style: I like green color.American Style: I like green.因为 green 就能表示绿色的意思所以不能再加上color /200604/6472

VOA流行美语 93: HORSE AROUND / JUMP THE GUN今天Larry和Li Hua在商店里给朋友买生日礼物。Li Hua会学到两个常用语:to horse around和jump the gun。LH: 哎哟,Larry, 你看那边那两个小男孩在打架呢。他们家大人怎么也不管呐?LL: Oh, don't worry, they're just horsing around. They won't hurt each other.LH: 你要我别担心,说他们只是在horsing around,HORSE这个词在英文里不是"马"吗?LL: Yes, in "horse around", "horse" is used as a verb, "to horse around" means "to play or joke with someone". Those two kids were just playing, they were horsing around.LH: 噢,horse在这里是用作动词,to horse around意思是"和别人开玩笑、闹着玩儿"。Larry, 你是说那两个男孩儿是在闹着玩儿啊!LL: Hey! Why did you punch me in the arm?LH: I'm just horsing around! 嘿Larry, 这个horsing around还可以用在什么地方呢?LL: Well, sometimes it means the same as "just kidding" or "just joking." Hey, Li Hua, you have something on your shirt...LH: 什么?我衣上沾了东西啊?在哪儿呢?我怎么看不见呢?LL: That's because I'm just horsing around. There isn't anything on your shirt. I just wanted to see if you would look.LH: 噢,原来你又在跟我开玩笑啊。这么说,和别人开玩笑或者是恶作剧,也可以算是horsing around. Hey, Larry, 你看你的鞋带松了。LL: Nice try, Li Hua, but I know you're just horsing around.LH: 哎哟,我们别光顾开玩笑了,赶快给我朋友挑挑生日礼物吧!LL: Hey, how about this shirt?LH: What?! 这衬衫多难看呀!You must be horsing around.******LL: Hey, Li Hua. You know what happened to my friend George?LH: 你的朋友George?他最近不是在找工作吗?听说他接受了一家大公司的面试。LL: Yeah, and he was so sure that he would get the job that he quit his old job. Unfortunately, he really jumped the gun. He just found out yesterday that he didn't get the job after all.LH: 噢,George以为那个公司肯定会要他,所以把以前的工作给辞了。可是,他昨天才知道那个公司没有聘他,哎,Larry, 那你说George "jumped the gun", 那是什么意思啊?LL: To jump the gun is to do something too soon. For instance, if a runner starts running before the race starts, he's jumping the gun.LH: 噢,to jump the gun就是过早采取行动的意思!对了,像赛跑的时候,有些运动员信号还没响就提前跑了。所以叫jump the gun,这个说法挺形象的。George在不知道是不是有新工作以前就把旧工作给辞了,那可不是操之过急了嘛!LL: Okay, Li Hua, now that you understand what "jump the gun" means, can you give me an example?LH: 嗯,让我想一想...我有一个朋友前不久要来美国,她还没拿到签就先买了飞机票。这也可以说是jumped the gun吧?LL: Definitely, because if she doesn't get a visa, then she won't be able to use the plane ticket.LH: 那可不是,要是签领不到,那飞机票就白买了。哎,Larry, 那你给我举个例子吧。LL: I have a good one: Once I brought a girlfriend home to meet my parents. My mom really jumped the gun and assumed that we were going to get married.LH: 什么?你带女朋友回家,你妈妈就误以为你们要结婚呐?哎哟,她可真是jumped the gun了, 当时一定挺尴尬的。LL: You bet. It was embarrassing!今天李华从Larry那儿学到了两个常用语。一个是horse around, 意思是"闹着玩儿、开玩笑"。另外一个是jump the gun, 就相当于中文里所说的"操之过急"。 /200602/3168

即学即用英语会话词典B部分:电话留言 即学即用英语会话词典文本下载即学即用英语会话词典这部词典着眼日常生活、学习、工作等语言环境,囊括了当今美国最最简洁、最地道的日常口语表达方式。本词典获得2002年全国优秀畅销书奖 /200706/14998

乐宁外教口语天天练No.32Call me on my cell.cell意指 mobile phoneCall me on my cell.译文:打我手机好了。谢谢收听,明天继续^^ /200610/9467

Thank you so much for those words. Wow. President of the General Assembly, ed Nations, UN Deputy Secretary-General, Executive Director, UN Women, Distinguished ladies and gentlemen, When I was a very young person, I began my career as an actress. Whenever my mother wasnt free to drive me into Manhattan for auditions, I would take the train from suburban New Jersey and meet my father – who would have left his desk at the law office where he worked – and we would meet under the Upper Platform Arrival(s) and Departure(s) sign in Penn Station. We would then get on the subway together and when we surfaced, he would ask me, ;Which way is north?; I wasnt very good at finding north in the beginning, but I auditioned fair amount and so my Dad kept asking me, ;Which way is north?; Over time, I got better at finding it. I was struck by that memory yesterday while boarding the plane to come here – not just by how far my life has come since then, but by how meaningful that seemingly small lesson has been. When I was still a child, my father developed my sense of direction and now, as an adult, I trust my ability to navigate space. My father helped give me the confidence to guide myself through the world. In late March, last year, 2016, I became a parent for the first time. I remember the indescribable – and as I understand it pretty universal – experience of holding my week-old son and feeling my priorities change on a cellular level. I remember I experienced a shift in consciousness that gave me the ability to maintain my love of career and also cherish something else, someone else, so much, much more. Like so many parents, I wondered how I was going to balance my work with my new role as a parent, and in that moment, I remember that the statistic for the USs policy on maternity leave flashed in my mind. American women are currently entitled to 12 weeks unpaid leave. American men are entitled to nothing. That information landed differently for me when one week after my sons birth, I could barely walk. That information landed differently when I was getting to know a human who was completely dependent on my husband and I for everything, when I was dependent on my husband for most things, and when we were relearning everything we thought we knew about our family and our relationship. It landed differently. Somehow, we and every American parent were expected to be ;back to normal; in under three months. Without income? I remember thinking to myself, ;If the practical reality of pregnancy is another mouth to feed in your home, and America is a country where most people are living paycheck to paycheck, how does 12 weeks unpaid leave economically work? The truth is: for too many people, it doesnt. One in four American women go back to work two weeks after giving birth because they cant afford to take any more time off than that. That is 25 per cent of American women. Equally disturbing, women who can afford to take the full 12 weeks often dont, because it will mean incurring a ;motherhood penalty; – meaning they will be perceived as less dedicated to their job and will be passed over for promotions and other career advancement. In my own household, my mother had to choose between a career and raising three children – a choice that left her unpaid and underappreciated as a homemaker – because there just wasnt support for both paths. The memory of being in the city with my Dad is a particularly meaningful one since he was the sole bwinner in our house, and my brothers and my time with him was always limited by how much he had to work. And we were an incredibly privileged family – our hardships were the stuff of other familys dreams. The deeper into the issue of paid parental leave I go, the clearer I see the connection between persisting barriers to womens full equality and empowerment, and the need to redefine and in some cases, destigmatize mens role as caregivers. In other words…thank you. In other words, in order to liberate women, we need to liberate men. The assumption and common practice that women and girls look after the home and the family is a stubborn and very real stereotype that not only discriminates against women, but limits mens participation and connection within the family and society. These limitations have broad-ranging and significant effects for them and for the children. We know this. So why do we continue to undervalue fathers and overburden mothers? Paid parental leave is not about taking days off work; its about creating the freedom to define roles, to choose how to invest time, and to establish new, positive cycles of behavior. Companies that have offered paid parental leave for employees have reported improved employee retention, reduced absenteeism and on-training costs, and boosted productivity and morale. Far from not being able to afford to have paid parental leave, it seems we cant afford not to.201703/500988

CRUZ: Wisconsin is a beautiful place where the people place solutions over slogans. Our campaign is for the working moms, the truck drivers, the mechanics, and the machinists with calluses on their hands. Its for the farmers and factory workers and the families who worry about prices going up while paychecks stay flat. Its for the young people coming out of school unable to find a job. We will repeal Obamacare, peel back the EPA, and all the burdensome regulations that are killing small businesses and manufacturing. Im going to stand up for fair trade, and bring our jobs back from China. We will see wages going up. Well see opportunity again. Well see a President who will stand with the people of Wisconsin, and Americans everywhere. ANNOUNCER: Ted Cruz for President, courageous conservatives reigniting the promise of America. CRUZ: Im Ted Cruz, and I approve this message, and Id be honored to have your support.201604/435573

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